Georgian physicists started participating in CERN activities already in the early 1960s. Some of them played leading roles in the Boson Spectrometer experiment, approved at CERN in 1969 and carried out at Serpukhov. In the 1980s, individual Georgian physicists made recognized contributions to the DELPHI and ALEPH experiments at LEP. Two Georgian teams, essentially supported by JINR, are involved in the ATLAS experiment. Young Georgian physicists have taken part in ATLAS detector construction in JINR, specifically in the preparation of the Muon Chambers and the Tile Calorimeter.
Through an Agreement with IBM, the Tbilisi Institute of High Energy Physics obtained a special engineering design software license, and has done well-appreciated work for ATLAS.
Considering the visible scientific and official interest in expanding Georgian co-operation with CERN, a Co-operation Agreement concerning the further development of scientific and technical collaboration in high-energy physics and related technologies was signed between CERN and the government of Georgia in 2008. It was followed by a protocol signed in 2011 by CERN, JINR and the government of Georgia in order to develop joint research projects.