After joining the CMS Collaboration in 1997, Estonia’s high-energy particle physics community has been reinforced by the return of expatriate scientists, by new students and by direct government funding.
A first International Cooperation Agreement (ICA) between Estonia and CERN was signed in 1996. The Protocol to the ICA, signed in 2004, assured the funding required for the particle physics community in Estonia.
A new ICA between Estonia and CERN concerning the further development of scientific and technical co-operation and a Protocols to this agreement concerning the participation of universities and scientific institutions from Estonia in the high-energy particle physics experiments at CERN were signed in 2010 and in 2016.
There is now a small but active group of Estonian theorists at CERN. The CMS team participates in data analysis, LHC computing and the WLCG. Estonia operates one of the Tier-2 centres in Tallinn. A team of Estonian scientists also joined the TOTEM experiment.
Estonia has further benefitted from CERN’s educational activities through the regular participation of its students and high-school teachers in the Summer Student and High-School Teacher programmes. Estonia’s long-term goal is for all Estonian high-school physics teachers to attend the CERN High-School Teacher programme.
Estonia applied for CERN Membership in September 2018.